Dr. Henk van Waarde has joined the SCO group as Assistant Professor for Data-driven control in January 2022. Henk received his PhD degree (cum laude) in Systems and Control from the University of Groningen in 2020 and was awarded with the 2020 DISC Best PhD Thesis. During his PhD he was a visiting researcher at University of Washington, Seattle, in the lab of Mehran Mesbahi. After that he was a postdoctoral researcher, first at Cambridge University under supervision of Rodolphe Sepulchre, and later at ETH Zürich where he worked with Florian Dörfler. His research interests are in data-driven modeling and control as well as applications to networked systems and neuronal dynamics.

# Category: SCO

## SCO colloquium: Armin Pirastehzad

**Title:** TBA

**Abstract:** TBA

## SCO colloquium: Stephan Trenn

**Title:** A solution theory for coupled systems of PDEs and switched DAEs

**Abstract:** A distributional solution framework is developed for systems consisting of linear hyperbolic partial differential equations (PDEs) and switched differential-algebraic equations (DAEs) which are coupled via boundary conditions. The unique solvability is then characterize in terms of a switched delay DAE. The theory is illustrated with an example of electric power lines modeled by the telegraph equations which are coupled via a switching transformer where simulations confirm the predicted impulsive solutions.

*The colloquium will take place online in Google Meet. You can email the organizer for a link to the meeting.*

## SCO colloquium: Azka Burohman

**Title:** Clustering-based model reduction of network systems containing cycle

**Abstract: **In the model reduction of networked systems, clustering-based methods are able to preserve the network structure and synchronisation properties. However, the selection of clustering that results in a reduced-order model with optimal approximation error remains an open problem. The method of [1] enables identifying two nodes/sub-systems that show similar behaviour and, therefore, choosing two nodes to be clustered and resulting in a good approximation, based on the analysis of the Gramians of the edge dynamics. This method works perfectly on networked systems with tree structures, but the extension to more general graph structures containing cycles is not straightforward. In this colloquium, I will present my ongoing research on solving the problem of finding the best-clustering of networks containing cycles using the concept of Gramians for semi-stable systems [2].

[1] Besselink, Bart, Henrik Sandberg, and Karl H. Johansson. “Clustering-based model reduction of networked passive systems.” IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control 61.10 (2015): 2958-2973.

[2] Cheng, Xiaodong, and Jacquelien MA Scherpen. “Novel Gramians for linear semistable systems.” Automatica 115 (2020): 108911.

## SCO colloquium: Yahao Chen

**Title:** Nonlinear (switched) DAEs: normal forms, impulse-free jumps and stability

**Abstract:**** **In the first part of this talk, we deal with inconsistent initial value problems of nonlinear DAEs of the form $E(x)\dot x= F(x)$. We define impulse-free jumps of nonlinear DAEs as parameterized curves with derivatives in the distribution $\ker E(x)$. Then with the help of a proposed nonlinear Weierstrass form, we study the existence and uniqueness of the impulse-free jumps. After that, a singular perturbed system approximation is proposed for nonlinear DAEs; we show that solutions of the perturbed system approximate both impulse-free jumps and $\mathcal C^1$-solutions of nonlinear DAEs. In the second part of the talk, we extend the jump rule in the first part to the switched case, which generalizes the impulse-free condition of switched linear DAEs to the nonlinear case. Moreover, a novel notion called the jump-flow explicitation is used to simply the common Lyapunov function condition for the stability analysis of switched nonlinear DAEs. Finally, we generalize the well-known commutativity condition of switched nonlinear ODEs to the DAEs case. We show that to guarantee the stability of nonlinear switched DAEs with all stable models, not only the commutativity of the flow vector fields but also some extra invariant conditions are needed.

## SCO colloquium: Anne-Men Huijzer, Brayan Shali, Sutrisno Sutrisno

**Title 1:**Robustness of the Terminal Behaviour of Resistive Electrical Network

**s**

*(Anne-Men)*

**Title 2:**Behavioural Assume-Guarantee Contracts for Linear Dynamical Systems

*(Brayan)*

**Title 3:**Observability and Determinability Characterizations for Switched Linear Systems in Discrete Time

*(Sutrisno)*

## New group name: SCAA becomes SCO

In view of the current research activities within the group Systems, Control and Applied Analysis (SCAA) and the joining of Prof. Juan Peypouquet as full professor in optimization, the group requested a name change to “Systems, Control and Optimization (SCO)” which was now granted by the FSE Faculty Board.

## Kanat Camlibel promoted to full professor

Kanat Camlibel from the SCAA group was recently promoted to Full Professor in recognition of his achievements in research, teaching and administration.

## SCAA colloquium: Teke Xu

**Title:**A non-linear model for the water hammer problem

**Abstract:**The water flow and water hammer in a pipe is usually modelled by Euler equations which consists of 2 partial differential equations. The classical PDEs are nonlinear and inhomogeneous, and according to the existing research so far, it can be simplified to a switched DAE or ODE system under some assumptions. The result in some literature shows that simplification works well and converges to the PDE model by numerical solutions. However, how they (PDE and ODE model) converge to each other in an analytical way, or the error between them has not been quantified, and my work is to close this gap. The main method is to divide the process into 3 parts: before the valve closes, when the valve closes and after the valve has been closed.

*The colloquium will take place online in Google Meet. You can email the organizer for a link to the meeting.*

## SCAA colloquium: Alden Waters

**Title:** Analytic Properties of Heat Equation Solutions and Reachable Sets

**Abstract:** We consider heat equations on bounded Lipschitz domains Omega in R^d and show that solutions to the heat equation for positive times are analytically extendable to a subdomain of the complex plane containing Omega. Our analysis is based on the boundary layer potential method for the heat equation. In particular, our method gives an explanation for the shapes appearing in the literature in 1d, which is not so easy to explain using Fourier analysis alone. I will also discuss the converse theorem, namely that certain sets in the complex plane can be realized as solutions to the heat equation on the boundary of Omega when Omega is a ball. Boundary layer potential theory also gives an indication that this statement is more difficult if Omega is not a ball. This exciting new technique to analyze the question of reachable sets is joint work with Alexander Strohmaier.

*The colloquium will take place online in Google Meet. You can email the organizer for a link to the meeting.*

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